Champagne wasn’t the only thing that erupted as Scott Jurek celebrated his new Appalachian Trail speed record at the summit of Mt. Katahdin last week… The ongoing tensions between the long-distance hiking community and the Baxter State Park Authority erupted too…
- 46 days, 8 hours, and 7 minutes: Record Time- Scott Jurek
- 46 days, 11 hours, and 20 minutes: Previous Record- Jennifer Pharr Davis
The relationship between long-distance hikers and Baxter State Park has been under increasing strain in the past decades as the number of thru-hikers has exploded from between 5 and 40 a decade (between the 1930’s and 1960’s) to almost a thousand a year (2013, 2014).
- Baxter State Park: 200,000+ acre park in central Maine
- 1.3 million: Maine’s Population according the the US census (2013).
- 63, 474: Visitor’s to Baxter State Park (2013).
- 1,862 (3% of the parks visitors): Appalachian Trail backpackers (thru- and/or section-hikers combined) passed through Baxter State Park (2013).
- 589 NoBo thru-hikers (including me) finished their hikes at the summit of Katahdin (2013).
- 336 SoBo thru-hikers began their thru-hikes at Katahdin (2013)
With these increasing numbers, Baxter State Park has seen an increase in ‘bad behavior’ amongst AT hikers, and hasn’t been shy about voicing their displeasure. In November of 2014 the director of Baxter State Park sent a letter to the director of the Appalachian Trail Conservancy, specifically citing the following grievances (amongst others):
- “AT hikers are open and deliberate in their desire for freedom from all rules and regulations during their thru hike… The regulations/policies most often question or violated by AT hikers… No public drinking of alcohol (summit of Katahdin)…”
- “Modern AT hikers exhibit a desire to travel together in large numbers, congregating on the trail in large groups even as the Park has recently joined all other land management agencies in the Northeast in limiting hiking group size beginning in 2013 (in BSP: 12 people or less/group).”
- “Complaints from Park hikers and concern from BSP staff about loud parties and disrespectful drinking of alcohol and use of recreational drugs in full view at the summit. This behavior detracts from the summit experience for other hikers on Katahdin, including families with children.”
- “In 2014 we had 20 (or more) NoBo hikers enter the Park at once, via the kiosk on 10 different dates. Groups of 20-45 hikers would arrive together, insisting they want to summit together despite our group day hike regulation and requests they not monopolize the summit.”
As a ‘modern AT hiker’ I thought that Baxter State Park was being a little harsh, and I found myself getting really defensive as continued reading their list of grievances, “I’m not like that… Most of the AT hikers I know are not like that!” But I have to admit that some are… and we were all getting grouped together in the eyes of Baxter State Park… The folks at Baxter State Park have done a lot to accommodate AT hikers over the years, but they were getting sick and tired of dealing with unappreciative AT hikers that didn’t respect their rules and their mission… It was amidst these escalating tensions that Scott Jurek’s summit photos were released…
- Baxter State Park, “…shall forever be retained and used for state forest, public park and recreational purposes…shall forever be kept and remain in the natural wild state…shall forever be kept and remain as a sanctuary for beasts and birds”
Champagne exploding, people cheering, and Katahdin’s sign were all prominently displayed in Scott Jurek’s summit photos… I cringed and thought, “Uh-oh… This is why we can’t have nice things!” The most publicized hike in AT history, and a perfect (and I’m sure completely unintentional) disregard of Baxter State Park’s rules…
A couple of days later Baxter State Park posted a scathing note on Facebook (in a tone similar to the previous letter), informing everyone that they’d issued Jurek citations: “for the drinking of alcoholic beverages in public places (BSP Rule 7 and Maine State General Law), for littering (BSP Rule 4.5) and for hiking with an oversize group (BSP Rule 2.2).”
- “6.5 General laws of the State pertaining to alcohol and drugs apply within the Park. Maine law prohibits the drinking of alcoholic beverages in public places.”
- “4.5 All trash, rubbish, litter, camping gear, equipment, and materials carried into the Park must be carried out of the Park. No trash, rubbish, or litter shall be deposited in any type of vaulted or un-vaulted toilet.”
- “2.1 The maximum size of hiking groups shall be 12 persons. Affiliated groups on the same trail separated by less than one mile shall be considered one group.”
The first citation, about public drinking, has been an ongoing issue at the summit of Mt. Katahdin. Even though I don’t blame Jurek for wanting to celebrate his accomplishment with a bottle of Champagne at the summit, I certainly can’t blame Baxter State Park for issuing him a citation for such a blatant, and public, disregard for their rules! The second citation, however, seemed like a bit of a stretch… the ‘litter’ that Jurek is accused of leaving in the park is spilled champagne… “The littering occurred when champagne sprayed into the air hit the ground.” Covering the summit of Katahdin with a gooey, sticky mass of champagne, soda, and/or Gatorade would significantly detract from the wilderness experience, so I can sort of see where Baxter is coming from, but is it really litter?
- litter: things that have been thrown away and that are lying on the ground in a public place (Merrian-Webster dictionary)
The final citation was for group size… and I have to admit that the group-size rule confuses me in these contexts… What defines an affiliated group?… Were there more than 12 people at the summit of Katahdin to celebrate Jurek’s accomplishment? Yes! Were they an affiliated group, or were they a mass of individuals independently inspired by Jurek’s achievement? If a group of 12 (or more) is intentionally climbing Mt. Katahdin together, that’s a pretty cut-and-dry group. On the other hand, if 12 or more people are inspired to climb Katahdin by the same thing does that make them a group?
- affiliate: to closely connect (something or yourself) with or to something (such as a program or organization) as a member or partner (Merrian-Webster dictionary)
When I climbed Katahdin as part of my thru-hike, I climbed it with two fellow thru-hikers, but when we reached the summit 8 to 10 thru-hikers were already there… By the time I left the summit a couple of hours later, there were closer to 20 thru-hikers there… Are all of the thru-hikers that happen to show up on a given day considered a group? How would that be different from classifying all of the day-hikers that show up on a given day as a group?
Baxter State Park has been controlling access to the area for the last 25 years by limiting the parking spaces, and overnight campsites (which they did on the day of Jurek’s hike as well), but this strategy hasn’t been effective for limiting the number long-distance AT hikers that are walking into the park, sometimes more than 15 miles, to reach the summit of Katahdin.
- “In order to protect the Park from overuse, day use is limited by the capacity of trailhead parking lots.”
In addition to the ongoing issues with AT hikers, Baxter State Park’s Facebook post raised new issues about corporate sponsorships, blasting Jurek for hosting a ‘corporate event’ on the summit of Katahdin… In a world where social media is capital, the lines between personal, professional, and corporate are starting to getting blurry…
- “These “corporate events” have no place in the Park and are incongruous with the Park’s mission of resource protection, the appreciation of nature and the respect of the experience of others in the Park. We hope for the support of the AT and BSP communities to help us steer these events to more appropriate venues in the future.” -Baxter State Park’s Facebook Post
- In addition to the citations Jurek was presented with, his media team was also cited for violating their permit, which prohibited filming within 500 feet of Baxter Peak… Click here for Baxter’s Media rules
Look at the clothes that you hike in, they’re probably covered with corporate logos and names… If you wear them, does that mean that you’re hosting a ‘corporate event’? For hikers/adventurer that are searching for ways to make ends meet as they pursue their dreams full-time, its not uncommon for them to seek corporate sponsors. For most, these sponsorships don’t come with a salary, or any $$s at all! Instead, they come with free gear (a pair of socks, shoes, a pack, or a tent), and a nifty new title as a brand ambassador. Although high-end athletes like Scott Jurek probably get better sponsorship deals from companies like Clif Bar and Brooks, the issues surrounding sponsorship, ‘corporate events’, and social media are bound to get more and more heated, and apply to more and more people, in the coming years!
- Long distance hiking has no brand: Some thoughts on Sponsorship by Carrot Quinn
- The digital life: Gear Ambassadors by the Popupbackpacker
- Note: I don’t have any corporate sponsors
In their November letter (long before Jurek completed his thru-hike), Baxter State Park suggested that, “ Options to address these concerns would require a commitment to sustainable use of the AT and preserving wild experiences along the trail. Permit systems are in place on other popular long-distance trails in the U.S. Relocating key trail portions or the trail terminus would be another option.”
For those of us that have had the honor and privilege of including Mt. Katahdin in our Appalachian Trail thru-hikes, the idea of having to re-route the trail so that it terminates elsewhere is absolutely heartbreaking… but being able to terminate our AT thru-hikes at Katahdin is a privilege… If we lose that privilege, it won’t be because of Scott Jurek (even though he did manage to step right into the middle of this steaming mess with cameras rolling)… He may be a very visible example of some of the issues between the AT hikers and Baxter State park, but he didn’t start the problem, and he won’t be the one that the staff at Baxter State Park have to deal with tomorrow, or the next day, or the next day.
Large trail-related media events like Jurek’s accomplishment (Cheryl Strayed’s ‘Wild’, and Bill Bryson’s ‘A Walk in the Woods”) lead to surges in park use, which intensify ongoing issues between wilderness management and recreational use. It is up to us to help the parks and other landowners along the trail with their efforts to preserve the the trail and all of the wild places that we love… If you are planning on hiking on the AT in Baxter State Park, please familiarize yourself with the park’s rules, let the staff know that you appreciate their efforts, and treat the park (and it’s staff) with respect.
- AT/Baxter State Park Relations: “We CAN have nice things! This is how” by Dylan Niknot on Appalachian Trials
- Commercialization of the trail: “Scott Jurek’s Champagne Problems” by Grayson Chaffer at Outside Online
- Thoughts from Maine: “Mountain of the People of Maine: Don’t Mess with Baxter!” by Marty Basch
- Nov. 19, 2014. Baxter State Park issues letter of concern to Appalachian Trail Conservency.
- July 12, 2015. Scott Jurek reached the summit of Mt. Katahdin, breaking the record for the fastest known time (FKT)
- July 16, 2015. Baxter State Park posts to “Ultramarathoning in Baxter Park – another perspective” to Facebook.
- July 19, 2015. Appalachian Trail Conservancy’s Responds to Baxter: “Appalachian Trail Policy and Baxter State Park Concerns.”
Baxter State Park Facts:
- Staff: ~22 year-round staff, ~61 staff members on site during the summer. 1 staff member is dedicated exclusively to aiding thru-hikers, and is positioned near Abol Bridge for 15 weeks.
- Governance: Baxter State Park Authority, a group of 3 public officials: the Commissioner of Maine Inland Fisheries and Wildlife, the Director of the Maine State Forest Service, and the Attorney General that works closely with Baxter State Park Advisory: a group of 15 dedicated citizens.
- Wildlife: 75% of the park (156,874 acres) is a wildlife sanctuary, 25% (52,628 acres) of the park is open to hunting and trapping.
- Foresty: 14% of the park (29,537 acres) is set up for scientific forest managements (read that logging)
- Recreational Use: 215 miles of hiking trails, 8 roadside campgrounds, 2 backcountry campgrounds
Additional Baxter State Park Rules Especially Relevant for Thru-Hikers:
- 2. Camping is permitted by reservation only and only in authorized campgrounds and campsites May 15 through October 15, and December 1 through March 31. Campers must register at the gatehouse no later than 8:30 p.m. Check-out time is 11:00 a.m., and check-in time is 1:00 p.m. Tents are not permitted outside of lean-tos at lean-to sites. Camping by groups of more than 12 people is permitted only at group camping areas located at Bear Brook, Foster Field, Nesowadnehunk Field and Trout Brook Farm.
- At Baxter State Park’s Long-Distance Hikers site, “The Birches” near Katahdin Stream Campground: Visitors hiking at least 100 continuous miles and arriving at Baxter State Park without reservations may stay at “The Birches” site (limited to one night stay), which has a capacity of no more than 12 (two 4-person lean-tos and one tent platform).
- 8. No person may create a disturbance that impairs the enjoyment of the Park by others. Campground quiet hours are posted and enforced. The use of electronic devices in any way that impairs the enjoyment of the Park by others is prohibited.
- 10. Collection or removal of any cultural object from the Park is prohibited. No person may deface, paint, damage, mutilate, or vandalize any cultural object or any structure or sign within the Park. Possession of paint or marking materials, or tampering with, altering, or removing any sign, marker, or structure, is prohibited. Driving nails or permanently installing any object is prohibited. The use of metal detectors or similar devices is prohibited.
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